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The effect of serration on mechanics and stability of milling cutters

The machining behaviour of special serrated milling tools are investigated. These cutters are most commonly used for roughing operations of superalloys such as titanium and nickel based alloys which prevent high cutting speeds due to their high cutting forces and low thermal conductivity. During the experimental study, these drawbacks were avoided with the usage of aluminium alloy that allows more convenient machining circumstances and high tooth passing frequencies compared to the frequencies of the essential vibration modes. By means of a general cutting force model, simulations point out the fact that the serrated cutters require lower drive torque than their non-serrated counterparts, while our corresponding measurements validate our model. A regenerative dynamic model is constructed up directly in the modal space using the modal representation of the tool/toolholder/spindle structure and linear stability analyses are performed by the so-called semi-discretization method.

The significantly larger parameter domains of stable cutting and their predicted feed dependency for these serrated mills are confirmed by chatter tests. As a result of these investigations, the practical advantages of the serrated cutters are confirmed: while they remove the same specific amount of materials using lower drive torque, their productivity can also be increased using higher stable depth of cuts compared to their non-serrated counterparts even in case of difficult-to-cut materials like titanium. The constructed mechanical model also provides an adequate tuning of the cutting parameters and the serration waves in order to optimize the process for easy-to-cut materials like aluminium.

REVISTA/CONFERENCIA:

International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture

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